This map was 'Printed and Published by Richard Davies, Temple Row, (opposite Dee's Royal Hotel) and No. 6, Colmore Row, (opposite the Blue Coat School)'. The full title is 'Davies's new map of Birmingham, Strangers' Guide, and Street Directory'. The original, held in the Archives and Heritage section of Birmingham Central Library, includes a range of local information - a list of major showroom and manufactories, hotels and inns and museums, plus travel information - railway stations, coach and omnibus offices and hackney coach fares. Please refer to the relevant page of the library's website for a larger version of the map.

The list of 1770 locations comes from of Samuel Sketchley and Orion Adams's original directory of 1770. This directory was re-published by Richard Bissell Prosser and Samuel Timmins in 1886 as The Streets and Inhabitants of Birmingham in 1770. The street address numbers given in the listing below cannot be relied up on to relate to more recent (let alone current) numbering systems. See items below list for notes on street names in Birmingham.

If you were to draw a line diagonally across this map from top left to bottom right, all but one of the manufactories named in the 1841 inspections are located to the right of/above that line. The exception is Ingram's, which is located in the very long Bradford Street.  All of the 1864 manufactories lie in that to the right of/above that line. With one or two exceptions, I do not have door numbers for these manufactories in either of those years and several of the streets cross two squares (for instance Branston Street, 12 and 19). That lack means that the spread of locations could be a little tighter or looser.

For the purpose of locating button makers in Sketchely's 1770 directory, or manufactories inspected in 1841 and/or 1864 on the Davies map, you need to remember two things. First, the map is not conventionally oriented. The arrow just above the illustration in bottom left corner points to the north, meaning that the map is skewed to the east by about 50 degrees. Second, the map is divided into 63 squares (nine rows of seven squares) which are numbered top left. Squares 50 and 57 are not numbered as they are empty.

Name (and number, 1770) Map square Proprietor (where no date, 1770) Occupation (1770)
Aston Road 41 Lepper 1864  
Bath Street 3 33 Samuel Cox Button Maker.
Bell Street 21 38 Charles Stockwell Button Maker.
Bordesley 46 [Bordesley Street] John Green Button Stamper.
Bradford Street 45, 52 and 59 Ingram 1841  
Branston Street 12 and 19 Darlaston 1864  
Bread Street 25 Thomas Hunt ( jun.) Button Maker.
Brearley Street West 20 Smith & Wright 1864  
Bull Street 25 32 and 39 James Sorrell Button Maker and Lapidary.
Bull Street 5 32 and 39 Francis Dunn Button Mould Turn
Cannon Street 28 32 Edward Lane Button Stamper.
Cannon Street 11 32 Harris and Lane Button Stampers, and Leather Powder-flask Makers.
Cannon Street 15 32 Hanson and Jeffreys Button Stampers.
Cannon Street 16 32 Thomas Hunt (Sen.)  Button Maker.
Cannon Street 17 32 William Round Button Maker.
Cannon Street 25 32 John Horn Gilt Button Maker.
Carr's Lane 28 39 Edward Carr Toy, Watch Chain, Necklace, and Enamel Button Maker.
Chapel Row 33 40 [Chapel Street] Kempson and Pinks Gilt Button Makers.
Chapel Row 37 40 [Chapel Street] Jonathan Rudge Button and Buckle Maker.
Cherry Street 23 32 and 39 Edward Heywood Button Maker.
Cherry Street 30 32 and 39 William Geast Pearl Button and Toy Maker.
Cherry Street 6 32 and 39 James Tooth Button Maker.
Cherry Street 7 32 and 39 Joseph Cook Button Maker.
Church Street 19 25 and 32 John Smith Ivory Sleeve Button Maker.
Church Street 2 25 and 32 Thomas Harrison Button and Toy Maker.
Clement Street 10 near Nelson Street Rowley 1864  
Cli(e)veland Street 34 Bullock 1841 and 1864  
Coleshill Street [No number] 40 Jos. Brueton Horn Button Maker.
Coleshill Street 76 40 Thomas Bowen Horn Button Maker.
Colmore Row 2 32 Thomas Allen Button Maker.
Colmore Row 23 32 Ann Barrs Button Maker.
Cottage Lane 10 Cope 1864  
Dale End 26 39 Elizabeth Malpas Button Maker.
Dale End 31 39 William Hall Sleeve Button and Thimble Maker.
Dale End 4 39 John Channeler Sleeve Button Maker.
Dudley Street 43 38 to 31 Theodore Sadleir Button Mould Turner.
Dudley Street 45 38 to 31 John Willinger Button Maker and Die Sinker.
Edgbaston Street 16 38 George Mobbs Button Mould Turner.
Edgbaston Street 26 38 Edward Vincent Pearl Button Maker, Baker, and Broker.
Edgbaston Street 67 38 William Fletcher Button Maker.
Edumund Street [Yard between 50 & 51] 24 to 25 John Wood Button Maker.
Edumund Street 31 24 to 25 Palmer and Perkins Button and Coach Spring Makers.
Edumund Street 42 24 to 25 John Hodgkins Button Maker.
Edumund Street 44 24 to 25 Charles Primer Button Maker.
Edumund Street 64 24 to 25 Thomas Collit Button Maker.
Exeter Row 15 30 John Badderly (Jun.) Button Maker.
Freeman Street 2 39 Thomas Priday Platina Button Maker.
Freemen Street 9 39 Thomas Aston Button Maker and Factor.
Great Charles Street 25 Chatwin 1864  
Great Charles Street 15 25 Bratt and Green Button and Watch Chain Makers.
Great Charles Street 3 25 Joseph Gough Button Maker.
High Street 69 38 to 39 Joseph Latham Publican and Button Mould Turner.
Hill Street [Yard between 12 & 13] 31 Palmer and Rubery Button Mould Turners. 
Hill Street [Yard between 12 & 13] 31 Simon Whitehead Sleeve Button Maker. 
John Street 13 40 William Clark Button Maker and Publican.
John Street 7 40 Ann Morris Button Maker.
Lichfield Street 18 40 Ainge and Blower Button Makers.
Lichfield Street 29 40 Richard Taylor Pearl Button Maker.
Lichfield Street 49 40 James Cheshire Button Maker.
Lichfield Street 70 40 Caleb Cash Publican and Sleeve Button Maker.
Lichfield Street 81 40 John Friend Sleeve Button Maker.
Lichfield Street 82 40 Edward Ireland Button, Necklace, and Toy Maker.
Lichfield Street 91 40 John Chandler Button Maker.
Lichfield Street 95 40 Samuel Lawley Button and Necklace Maker.
Little Charles Street 32 Layton 1864  
Little Charles Street 17 32 Richard Brandis Inlaid Button Maker.
Little Charles Street 30 32 William Boswell Sleeve Button Maker.
Little Charles Street 33 32 Jonathan Lockit Button Maker.
Little Charles Street 36 32 Richard Bromfield Button Maker.
Lower Priory 12 39 Thomas Humstone Enamel Manufacturer, and Button and Toy Maker.
Moor Street 23 39 Hannah Godfree Button Maker.
Moor Street 65 39 Josiah Rogers Button Maker.
Mount Pleasant 29 31 [Became Ann Street/Haymarket] Nathanael Kind Button and Watch Chain Maker.
Mount Pleasant 8 31 [Became Ann Street/Haymarket] Thomas Crompton Button and Buckle Maker.
New Hinkleys 25 31 [Inkleys] Thomas Iliffe Horn Button Maker.
New John Street 35 Matthews 1864  
New Summer Street 27 Lane 1864  
Newhall Street 32 to 25 Iliffe & Player 1864  
Newhall Street 32 32 to 25 Thomas Parkes Button Maker and Factor.
Newhall Street 6 32 to 25 John Kelsey Button Maker.
Newton Street 26 49 to 33 James Flint Button Maker.
Newton Street 5 49 to 33 John Gibbons Pearl, Tortoiseshell, Ivory, and Metal Button Maker.
Paradise Row 10 24 [Was Paradise Street] Thomas Cooper Horn Button Maker and Plater
Park Street  [No number] 39 Thomas Wright Button Maker.
Park Street 103 39 William Lewis Pearl Button Maker.
Princi[e]p Street 34 Aston 1864  
Queen Street 13 52 Taylor and Pemberton Button Makers.
Queen Street 16 52 Roper and Benton Gilt and Pinchbeck Button Makers, and Shoe and Stock Clasp Makers.
Regent Street 11 to 18 Elliott 1841, Dain, Watts & Manton 1864  
Saint George's Street 27 to 20 Watson 1864  
Snow Hill  108 32 to 26 James Dalloway Metal Button Maker and Wire Manufacturer.
Snow Hill 100 32 to 26 Hammond Turner 1841, 1864  
Snow Hill 105 32 to 26 Gibbons and Gibbs Enamel Manufacturers and Metal Button Makers.
Snow Hill 106 32 to 26 Gimlet and Lee Gilt Button and Buckle Makers.
Snow Hill 51 32 to 26 Robert Coals Ivory Button Maker.
Snow Hill 52 32 to 26 Hodgetts and Wiggan Ironmongers, Factors and Button Makers.
Snow Hill 65 32 to 26 James Kempson Button Maker.
Snow Hill 7 32 to 26 Marrabelle Wyatt Ivory and Button Mould Turner.
Snow Hill 87 32 to 26 James Arthur Button Maker.
Spiceal Street  (Powel's Yard) 38 John Powel Button Maker
Square [No number] 32 to 39 Birch and Hunt Button Makers, and slit and sell Rolled Iron and Steel.
St Paul's Square 18 Between Brook Street and Charlotte Street Aston 1841  
Steelhouse Lane 33 32 to 33 William John Banner Button Maker.
Steelhouse Lane 58 32 to 33 Richard French Button Maker.
Steelhouse Lane 70 32 to 33 John Lee Metal and Horn Button Maker and Merchant.
Steelhouse Lane 87 32 to 33 Richard Thomason Button Maker.
Summer Lane 26 to 27 Hasluck 1841  
Temple Street 11 32 Thomas Price Button Maker.
Temple Street 31 32 Edmund Birch Steel Buckle Maker, Button and Watch Chain Maker.
Temple Street 33 32 William Wilson Button Maker and Cutler.
Thomas Street 14 40 Richard Hil Button Maker.
Thomas Street 30 40 Joseph Bradbury Button Maker.
Thomas Street 38 40 Samuel Porter Enamel Button Maker.
Upper Priory 11 32 John Hallen Button Maker.
Weaman Street 19 33 William Mansell Button Maker.
Weaman Street 44 33 Thomas Dawes Inlaid Button Maker.
Weaman Street 49 33 William Dickinson Button Mould Turner.


Notes from intro to Sketchleys
"Bordesley" seems to have been used for Bordesley Street
"Bull Lane" was Monmouth Street now the south side of the street oppose the Great Western Hotel
"Butts" was Tanter's Butts or the Gullet, in later days parallel with Stafford Street, and now removed
"Corbett's Alley" was near the site of the Birmingham Library
The "Froggery" is covered by the New Street Station
"Gosty Green" remains with a different spelling
"The Hinckleys" have become Hinckley Street
"Lees Lane" is now Lease Lane
"Little Lovely Street" and "Lovely Street" were probably errors for Loveday Street
"Long Entry" is doubtful
"Mount Pleasant" was afterwards Haymarket and Ann Street, but now part of Colmore Row
"Over the Shambles" was near or perhaps "over" the Shambles, which stood in a middle-row between the end of Moor Street and the Church wall
"Paradise Row" was Paradise Street
"Queen Street" led from New Street to Dudley Street, but was destroyed with King Street, Little Colmore Street, Peck Lane, &c. when the New Street Station was built
And from Showell's: 
Obsolete Street Names.—Town improvements of one sort and another have necessitated the entire clearance of many streets whose names may be found inscribed on the old maps, and their very sites will in time be forgotten. Changes in name have also occurred more frequently perhaps than may be imagined, and it will be well to note a few. As will be seen, several streets have been christened and re-christened more than once.
Baskerville-street is now Easy-row.
Bath-road is Bristol-street.
Beast Market was that part of High-street contiguous to New-street; also called English Market.
Bewdley-street, afterwards Ann-street, now Colmore-row.
Birch Hole-street has been improved to Birchall street.
Black Boy Yard is now Jamaica-row.
Brick Kiln lane is the Horse Fair.
Broad-street—Dale End was so called in the 15th century.
Buckle-row. Between Silver-street and Thomas-street.
Button Alley—Bishop-street, Masshouse-lane.
Butts-lane—Tanter-street; The Butts being Stafford-street.
Cawsey (The Causeway)—Lower part of Digbeth.
Chapel-street—Bull-street was so called in the 14th century.
Chappel-row—Jennens'-row and Buck-street.
Charles or Little Charles-street—Now part of New Edmund-street.
Cock-street—Upper part of Digbeth; also called Well-street.
Colmore-street—From Worcester-street to Peck-lane.
Cony Greve street is now Congreve-street.
Cooper's Mill-lane is Heathmill-lane.
Corbett's Alley—Union-street.
Corn Cheaping or Corn Market was part of the Bull Ring.
Crescent-street—Part of King Edward's Road.
Crown-street, afterwards Nelson-street is now Sheepcote-street.
Deadman's Lane—Warstone-lane.
Ditch—The Gullet was The Ditch.
Dock Alley—New Inkleys.
Ferney Fields—Great Hampton-street
Feck-lane or Peck-lane—Covered by New-street Station.
God's Cart-lane—Carrs-lane.
Hangman's-lane, or Hay Barns-lane—Great Hampton-row.
Haymarket—one of the names given to Ann-street.
High Town—Upper part of Bull Ring.
Hill-street—Little Charles-street.
King-street and Queen-street, as well as Great Queen-street, have made way for New-street Station.
Lake Meadow-hill—Bordesley-street and Fazeley-street.
Ludgate-hill was part of Church-street.
Mercer-street, or Spicer-street—Spiceal-street.
Mount Pleasant—Ann-street.
New road—Summer-row.
Old Meeting-street has at various periods been known as Grub-street, Littleworth street, New-row, and Phillips-street.
Pemberton's-yard, Lower Minories, or Coach-yard—Dalton-street.
Pitt-street and Porter-street were portions of Old Cross-street.
Priors Conigree-lane, or Whitealls-lane is now Steelhouse-lane.
Rother Market—New-street next to High-street and High-street next to New-street was once so called.
Sandy-lane—Snow Hill in the 16th century. Lee Bank-road has also been called Sandy-lane.
Shambles—Part of Bull Ring.
Swan Alley—Worcester-street.
Swinford-street—Upper end of New-street.
Temple Alley, also called Tory-row—Temple-row.
Walmer-lane (in the 15th century Wold Moors)—Lancaster-street.
Welch End or Welch Market—Junction of Bull-street, High-street, and Dale End.
Westley's-row, Westley-street, or London 'Prentice-street forms part of Dalton-street.
Wyllattes Green—Prospect Row.

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About us

This web site has been created by Lesley Close as an on-line museum displaying some of the buttons and other artifacts manufactured by Hammond Turner & Sons (and related companies), button makers of Birmingham (and Manchester), England.

Lesley's interest in buttons started when she saw the words 'button maker' in the 'father's occupation' column of her maternal great grandmother's marriage certificate. After rather too many 'ag labs', vicars and sailors, here was a wonderful change of occupation. She thought she might find a picture of a button: instead, she found a picture of the one-time owner of the business and over 200 different buttons made by the company.

What we don't do

The button-making company Hammond Turner no longer exists - we do not make buttons!